Filthy water cannot be washed.  ~African Proverb

All Earth's water, liquid fresh water, and water in lakes and rivers (photo right)

Spheres showing:
(1) All water (sphere over western U.S., 860 miles in diameter)
(2) Fresh liquid water in the ground, lakes, swamps, and rivers (sphere over Kentucky, 169.5 miles in diameter), and
(3) Fresh-water lakes and rivers (sphere over Georgia, 34.9 miles in diameter).

Credit: Howard Perlman, USGS; globe illustration by Jack Cook, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (©); Adam Nieman.

Romans 1:20 NIV

For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities--his eternal power and divine nature--have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are wihout excuse.
""The toxic gas extraction isn’t going away any time soon, but a new company has developed an enzyme that cleans up at least one of the poisonous problems of the process." - FastCompany
Secretary of the Interior Calls for Inspection of Fracking Wells

Water has no taste, no color, no odor; it cannot be defined, art relished while ever mysterious. Not necessary to life, but rather life itself. It fills us with a gratification that exceeds the delight of the senses.


ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPERY (1900-1944), Wind, Sand, and Stars, 1939

Fracking release of methane
The greatest dangers in fracking are the lack of standards.

For Pennsylvania's Doctors, a Gag Order on Fracking Chemicals

 - Mother Jones


"A new provision could forbid the state’s doctors from sharing information with patients exposed to toxic fracking solutions.  Under a new law, doctors in Pennsylvania can access information about chemicals used in natural gas extraction—but they won't be able to share it with their patients.*   A provision buried in a law passed last month is drawing scrutiny from the public health and environmental community, who argue that it will 'gag' doctors who want to raise concerns related to oil and gas extraction with the people they treat and the general public." 

What's in the water? 

Largest blue dot = all the Earth's non-ocean water
Middle-sized blue dot = Earth's liquid fresh water
Smallest blue dot = all water in lakes and rivers

What is in the water?

On Friday, May 4, 2012, the Obama administration said for the first time it would begin to

require companies drilling for oil and natural gas on public and Indian lands to disclose to

the public the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing operations - "fracking." Fracking is the

process in which water, sand, and chemicals are injected underground to break up dense

rock holding oil and



Industry groups say the disclosure of the chemicals used in fracking could violate trade

secrets. Interior Secretary Ken Salazar responds the rule would include exemptions for

specific formulas. Where is the protection for the water?


Some of the chemicals used in fracking include benzene, toluene, ethyl-benzene, and

xylene. Used in significant doses, they can cause health problems. Who is defining

"significant doses?" Critics are saying fracking has polluted water supplies. Supporters

say there is no proof. Who to believe?


According to the eastern Ohio newspaper, The Times Leader, the proposed fracking rules

set standards for proper construction of wells and waste-water disposal - on public lands,

not private lands. Industry groups and Republican lawmakers in the Ohio region say federal

rules are unnecessary, stating the states already regulate fracking. Salazar says the new

rules could be used as a model for state regulators.


Interior Secretary Salazar said the proposed rules will allow continued expansion of drilling

for oil and gas in earth pockets where it is more difficult to get it while protecting public health

and safety.  Fracking operations have already begun to be moved into areas of Ohio and West

Virginia, the areas served by The Times Leader.


The new fracking rules were softened after industry groups strongly objected to an initial

proposal leaked earlier this year. The new proposal will allow companies to file public

disclosure reports after drilling operations are complete and not before, as was in the

original proposal. Environmental groups opposed this change calling it a cave-in to industry.

Salazar responded to the criticism by industry saying the rules were never intended to cause

delays up front of the commencement of drilling, but to ensure the public is "fully aware of the

chemicals that are being injected into the underground" by the companies doing the drilling.


Surprisingly, these new rules will not affect drilling on private land, where the most of the

shale exploration is occurring. In West Virginia, industry officials are coming onto private

property and making one time offers of payment for the right to drill on the property of private

citizens. There is no offer of continued compensation beyond a one time payment if oil or

gas are actually found on private lands. The pressure to get citizens to comply is documented

by conversations with people who have already been approached by the oil and gas



Nationwide, drilling booms are taking place in formations such as the Marcellus Shale in the Appalachian regions, the Bakken in North Dakota and Montana, and in traditional production

states such as Texas, Oklohoma and Louisiana.


A final order for the ruling is expected by year end, said Bob Abbey, director of the land

management bureau.


Do you want to wait?

Water has become a highly precious resource. There are some places where a barrel of water costs more than a barrel of oil.

Lloyd Axworthy, Foreign Minister of Canada (1999 - News Conference)

When the well is dry, we know the worth of water.



BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, (1706-1790), Poor Richard's Almanac, 1746

Wetlands have a poor public image.... Yet they are among the earth's greatest natural assets... mankind's waterlogged wealth.

EDWARD MALTBY, Waterlogged Wealth, 1986

Of all our planet's activities--geological movements, the reproduction and decay of biota, and even the disruptive propensities of certain species (elephants and humans come to mind)--no force is greater than the hydrologic cycle.